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2015年陕西成人学士学位英语常考词汇

来源:陕西成人高考网  【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】  2014-12-13 11:15:39  浏览量:974

2015年陕西成人学士学位英语常考词汇(一)  
1.虚拟语气 
1)用于宾语从句,从句谓语用should + 动词原形或只用动词原形。
这类动词有  order, demand, require, request requested (被请求的), direct, instruct (教导,命令), command (命令,指挥), urge (催促,促进), rule, suggest suggested (暗示的), advise (劝告,警告), vote (选举,表决), propose (提议,建议),proposed (被提议的), move, recommend (劝告,介绍), prefer, decide decided, insist (坚持,强烈要求), desire (愿望,欲望,要求),desired (渴望的,想得到的).
2)用于主语从句,从句谓语用should + 动词原形或只用动词原形。
这类动词有: vital (重要的,致命的), important, essential (必不可少的,必要的), necessary (必定,当然),unnecessary (不必要的,多余的), impossible (不可能的,做不到的), sad, strange (奇怪的,陌生的), fitting (适应,配合), proper (适当的,特有的), appropriate (适合的,恰当的), settled (固定的).
2.不定式
1) 通常只接动词不定式作宾主的常考动词:
agree, attempt (试图,努力), claim (主张,断言), decide, demand (要求,需要), ask, beg (乞讨,请求), fail (失败,忘记), care, consent (同意,答应), promise (答应,有希望), desire, hope, intend (想要,打算,企图), learn, offer (提供,提议), plan (设计), refuse, pretend (假装), require, appear (好像是,仿佛), arrange, expect, manage, tend (倾向,照料), afford (供给,担负得起), wish, want, seem (好像,仿佛), struggle (斗争), threaten (威胁), wait, undertake (接受,承担), venture (冒险,敢于), seek (寻找,试图), resolve (决议,解决), aim (志在,瞄准), apply (申请,运用), profess. (表示), happen, guarantee (保证),neglect (疏忽,忽略), prove (证明,结果), trouble (打扰,费神), bother (打扰,麻烦), care (关心,喜欢), choose (选择,甘愿), etc.
2)用于动词+宾语+不定式结构的常考动词: force (强迫,迫使), hire (雇佣,租借), tell, require, teach (教书,教训), warn (警告), allow, ask, inform(通知,告发) beg, convince (使信服,使确信), expect, invite (邀请,招待), order, permit (允许,许可), promise (允许,答应), instruct (指示,命令), prepare (准备,预备), urge (鼓励,促进), remind (提醒), want, advise (忠告,通知), persuade (说服,使相信), cause (引起), dare (敢,胆敢), forbid (禁止), like, challenge (挑战), request, get, need, oblige (迫使,使感激),encourage (鼓励,促进), enable (使能够), compel (强迫,逼迫), recommend (劝告,推荐), declare (宣布,表明), prove (证明,鉴定), command (命令,指挥), lead (引导,带领), press (压,挤), etc.
3)用于be+形容词+不定式结构的常考动词:
anxious (担心的,渴望的), dangerous (危险的,不安全的), pleased (高兴的,满足的), hard , eager (热心的,渴望的), easy, fortunate (幸运地,侥幸的), strange (奇怪的,陌生的), good, ready (现成的,情愿的), usual (通常的), prepared, surprised (感到惊讶的), common (普通的,公共的), useless (无用的,), asked , lucky, difficult (困难的,艰难的), likely (可能的,), careful (小心的,仔细的), sure (确信的,一定的), glad (高兴的,愉快的), sorry (难过的,悔恨的), bored (无聊的,烦人的), able, free, quick, willing., determined, afraid. etc.
4)用于名词+不定式结构的常考名词:
failure (失败者), offer (提供,提议), plan, ability (能力,才能), decision (决定,果断), desire(愿望,要求), chance, permission (许可,允许), occasion (场合,时节), fun (玩笑), honor (荣誉,尊敬), wish, pleasure, opportunity, demand (要求,需求), way, refusal (拒绝,推辞), responsibility (责任,职责), freedom  (自由,自主), promise, etc.
5)后面跟省去 “to” 的不定式作宾补的常考动词: see, watch, notice  (注意,通告), observe (遵守,注意到), hear, listen to, feel (感觉,认为),get,make,have, let, help, know, look at, smell. etc.
6)表结果的短语+不定式:so…as to…, such…as to…, enough to…, only to…, too…to…
3.动名词:
1)通常只接动名词作宾语的动词:
admit (承认,接纳), appreciate (感激,评价), avoid (避免,逃避), delay (推迟,延误), deny (否认,), enjoy, finish, miss, postpone (推迟,延期), put off (拖延), practice, quit (离开,停止), suggest, keep, complete (完成,结束), anticipate (期望,预料), discuss, understand, favor(喜爱,帮助), escape (逃避,避免), forgive, consider, prohibit (禁止,不准), mind, dislike, can’t help(禁不住), risk, involve, imagine (想象),  look forward to (期望,盼望), can’t stand (不能忍受), consider, ensure, excuse, pardon, give up (放弃), include, keep on (遵守), report, suggest. involve, etc.
2)常跟动名词作宾语的动词短语:
approve of (赞成), insist on (坚持,强调), persist in, spend in ,engage in (从事), depend on, keep on, rely on (依靠,信赖), worry about, succeed in, give up, calculate on (计算), lead to(通向,导致), contribute to (有助于), devote to (献身,投入), object to (反对), look forward to, confess to (承认), concentrate on(集中于), focus on (使集中于), etc.
3) 用于 “名词+介词+动名词”结构的名词: pleasure in (以…为乐), opportunity of (…的机会), advise on (就…提出劝告), method for (…的方法), excuse for (…的借口), intention of (…的目的,意图), probability of (…的可能性), concern about (对…的关心), difficulty in (限于…的困境), trouble in (遇到…的麻烦), shortage of (…的不足), comment on (…的评论), importance of (…的重要性), necessity of (…的需要), approach to (接近/探讨…), etc.
4) 用于 “be+形容词+介词+动名词”结构的形容词: accustomed to (习惯于…), afraid of (害怕…), fond of (对…的喜爱), successful in (在某方面的成功), capable of (有…的能力), tired of (厌烦做某事), interested in, intent on (在某方面的打算), keep on, used to, good at, particular about (…的细节), bent on (致力于….), engaged in (从事于/忙于做某事), involved in (限入), devoted to (把…奉献给,专心于…),etc.
5) 动词后可跟原形动词和动名词::+do/doing discover (发现,发觉), feel, find, force (强迫,迫使), get, imagine (想像,假想), etc..
6)v.+sb. into doing:,动词有:cheat (欺骗), trick (欺骗,哄骗), deceive (欺骗), fool(愚弄), shame (侮辱),surprise(惊讶,吃惊), talk.etc.7)v.+sb. from doing,动词有: prevent, stop, keep, hinder(阻碍), restrain(抑制), save(拯救,节省).
 2015年陕西成人学士学位英语常考词汇(二)  
1. fill in out 填写表格                   find out  查明,发现
2. get/put across 解释清楚                get along (with)与…相处
get at 到达,知道,领会,意思指            get away 走开,离开,逃脱
get by 通过,过得去,过活                 get down 从…下来,写下
get sown to sth.  开始,着手做          get in  进入,参加,收获,收回,插嘴
get by heart  记住,背诵                get off 下车,动身离开
get out of  逃避,逃掉                  get over   克服掉
get rid of    摆脱                      get the best of  从中得到最大益处
get the better of  占据上风,胜过       get through   通过,完成,接通电话,花光钱
get to    到达,触及                     3. go into 详述,调查,研究,从事
4. hand down    传下来,传给                go off 不再喜欢,爆炸,成功进行
hand in     上交                         go out 熄灭,停止运转,过时
hand out    分发                         go over 仔细查看,检查
hand over   移交,交付给                  go through  检查,经历,遭遇
5. hang about/around  闲荡                 go up  上升,被炸毁
hang on  等待片刻,抓紧不放               go without 不享受,没有也无妨
hang up  挂起来,挂断电话                  go wrong     出毛病
6. head for     向…走去,驶向            7. help oneself to   自取所需
8. hold back   阻止前进,忍住,抑制        9. impose on  强人所难,欺骗
10. keep an eye on   留意照看               keep back   隐瞒,保留,阻止
keep down  限制,控制,降低                keep off   使不接近,避开
keep on   继续,反复地做                   keep to   遵守,信守,坚持
stick to  坚持                           adhere to  坚持
11. knock down   打倒,击倒                  knock out  打昏,击昏

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