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2014年陕西成人学位英语模拟真题卷(四)

来源:陕西成人高考网  【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】  2014-01-11 17:31:02  浏览量:1627

2014年陕西成人学位英语模拟真题卷(四)【西安精奇学位英语培训】
Part One: Reading Comprehension (40%)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
  It is clear that some chemicals can damage the health of animals and humans. However, this is not the only problem that can be caused by the careless use of chemicals. Chemicals can also disturb the ecological (生态的) balance of the environment. If the ecological balance is disturbed, the consequences can be extremely serious.
  很明显,一些化学制品会危害人类和动物的健康。然而,这并不是滥用化学制品导致的唯一问题。化学产品还会危及环境的生态平衡。如果生态平衡遭到破坏,后果将会极端严重。
  The history of DDT illustrates the problem. DDT, a chemical which kills insects, at first seemed to be a perfect answer to many problems. It would control insects that caused dangerous disease, as well as insects that caused billions of dollars of damage to crops every year. Governments permitted and even encouraged the use of DDT. Farmers in many countries began to spray it on their crops. The immediate results were good. Damage to crops went down, and profits went up. However, the chemical had effects which the scientists did not predict. First, it also killed insects which were the natural enemies of the harmful insects and which were therefore beneficial to farmers. Second, and perhaps worse, DDT did not kill every harmful insect. A few insects had natural resistance to the chemical. They survived and multiplied. In a few years there were large numbers of insects which were not affected by DDT, and there were fewer insects which could act as natural controls on these new “super-insects”. Finally, it became clear that DDT was not solving the insect problem. In fact, it was making the problem worse. It then became necessary to find a second cure for the effects of the first!
  “敌敌畏”的使用历史就说明了这个问题。“敌敌畏”是一种杀灭害虫的化学制剂。最初应用时,似乎很好地解决了许多问题。对带来致命疾病或每年造成农作物巨大经济损失的病虫害,它都可以杀灭。政府允许甚至鼓励使用“敌敌畏”。许多国家的农民开始往庄稼里喷洒这种农药。用药后的短期效果非常好。病虫害造成的庄稼损失下降,产量上涨了。
  然而,“敌敌畏”还产生了科学家没有预料到的影响。首先,这种农药也同时杀灭了病虫害的天敌,也就是那些对农业有帮助的昆虫。其次,也许更糟的是,“敌敌畏”并没有杀灭所有有害的昆虫。一些昆虫对它产生了抗体后,得以存活下来并大量繁殖。几年内,“敌敌畏”不能杀灭的害虫数量增多,而能够天然对抗这些新型“超级害虫”的昆虫也所剩无几。最后一点,“敌敌畏”不能解决害虫问题,这一点相当明确。事实上,它使情况变得更糟。于是,寻找解决“敌敌畏”遗留问题的方法变得相当必要。
The purpose of the passage is  C  .
To tell that DDT can not solve the insect problem
To compare the effects of DDT with those of other cures
To argue that the ecological balance can be damaged by chemicals
To show that some chemicals can damage the health of humans and animals
Which of the following is NOT true?  D
Chemicals cause health problems for animals and people.
Chemicals can disturb the ecological balance of the environment.
At first, the chemical DDT seemed only to have benefits.
The long-term effects of DDT were expected by scientists.
According to the writer, one of the problems with DDT is that  A  .
It also killed insects that helped farmers
It could not kill most of the harmful insects
It caused a decrease in domestic animals
It made some farmers suffer a disease which could not be cured
If a farmer used DDT today, in a few years  B  .
He would have no problems with harmful insects
Insects would be an even greater problem for him
His situation would not be quite different
He would be in a very dangerous situation
Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?  D
Chemicals must be used carefully.
DDT was effective to kill most insects.
Harmful insects began to be resistant to DDT.
DDT controlled all harmful insects.
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
  Today television is one of the most popular forms of entertainment in the home. Some people in places where television reception is good may think that television has taken the place of radio. Television, however, is actually a kind of radio. It uses special equipment for sending and receiving the picture. The television sound system uses the same type of equipment that is used in other forms of radio.
  如今,电视成为家庭娱乐中最普遍的方式之一。在电视信号接收情况好的地区,有人认为电视已经取代了无线电。然而,电视实际上是无线电的一种类型。它依靠特殊的设备发送并接收图像。电视的发声系统使用与其他无线电形式一样的装备。
  Exchanging messages with ships at sea was one of the first uses of radio. Modern radio is still used for this purpose and for communication across oceans. On land, too, radio provides a means of instant communication even with moving vehicles such as taxicabs or service trucks.
  最早的无线电使用是海上船只间的信息交换。现代无线电技术依然应用于同一目的,保持海上通讯。同样,在陆地,即便在移动的车辆上,比如说出租车或运货卡车,无线电也提供了一种即时通讯的手段。
  Police forces use two-way radio to get information to and from officers in squad cars and on motorcycles. Small portable sets make it possible to communicate with a central exchange while walking or riding in a city or over countryside. Observers in airplanes can report traffic accidents and traffic jams by radio to police officers on the ground.
  在巡逻车上和骑摩托车的警察使用双向无线电交流信息。行走或驾驶于城市或乡村道路上的警察可以使用小型便携式对讲机与总部联系。巡逻飞机上的警员可以通过无线电把交通事故地点及堵塞地段通报给地面上的执勤警察。
  Radiotelephones are used in many places. Connection with the regular telephone service can be provided for boats, trains, and cars. Isolated places in deserts, forests and mountainous regions are linked by radiotelephone in many parts of the world. Thus by means of radio people can communicate with others wherever service is provided.
  无线电电话使用于很多地方。船、火车和汽车上都可以提供正常的电话通讯。沙漠、森林和山区等荒无人烟的地区通过无线电电话可以与外界许多地方联系。因此,无论所需服务在何处提供,人们都可以通过无线电进行联系。
Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?  C
Television has taken the place of radio.
Television is the most popular forms of entertainment.
Television is a kind of radio.
Television is better than radio.
People used radio firstly for  A  .
Exchanging messages with ships at sea
Reporting traffic accidents and traffic jams
Sending and receiving pictures
Communication with others in isolated places
Which of the following is mentioned in the passage?  C
All isolated places are linked by radiotelephone.
By means of radio people can communicate with others wherever they are.
Modern radio is used in many ways such as at sea, in the air and on land.
Radiotelephone service can be provided for airplanes.
The word “portable” (Para. 3.) means  D  .
General  B. delicate  C. easily repaired  D. easily carried by hand
What is the passage mainly about?  B
Modern communication.
Radio and its uses.
The difference between television and radio.
The relation between television and radio.
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
  They were hard years --- the difficult years of the 1930s, of the Great Depression (萧条). Women who bore children out of wedlock were disgraced and their children shunned (避开,规避,避免). So when Anna was born to his unwed daughter, her grandfather was deeply distressed. He hid Anna from outsiders in a small, dark attic. Anna’s mother maintained the child physically, but otherwise neglected her. When local authorities “discovered” Anna at the age of 6, she could not walk, talk, or do anything that showed intelligence. Then, Anna was placed in the country home and later in a school for retarded (智力迟钝的,发展迟缓的) children.
  这是二十世纪三十年代经济大萧条的几年。未婚妈妈被歧视,非婚生子女遭排斥。因此,当未婚女儿生下安娜时,做外祖父的非常沮丧。他把安娜藏在黑暗的小阁楼上,避开外人耳目。安娜的妈妈除了给她喂食,对她不再有其他照顾。等到当地政府部门“发现”安娜时,她已经六岁,不会走路、不会说话、不能做如何体现智力水平的事情。此后,安娜被安置于乡村收容所,再后来又转到了一所智障儿童学校。
  Although she was to die later at 10 years of age, Anna blossomed into a “human” being in the four years following her discovery. Except for fastening her clothes, she was capable of dressing of dressing herself. She kept her clothing clean, habitually washed her hands brushed her teeth, and used the toilet without fail. She could follow directions and would attempt to help other children. While easily excitable, she nonetheless had a pleasant disposition (性情,处置). Most remarkable of all, she learned to repeat words, could talk in phrases, and would attempt to carry on a conversation.
  尽管十岁时就死去了,但是安娜在被政府发现后的四年中逐渐长大成“人”。安娜不仅会扣衣服扣子,还可以自己穿衣服。她总是保持衣服干净,养成洗手和刷牙的习惯,而且正确使用厕所。她能听懂指令并尝试帮助其他儿童。尽管容易激动,但她依然招人喜欢。最突出的是她学会了复述单词,并能用短语简单说话,甚至会尝试与人对话。
  Like Anna, Isabelle was an illegitimate (不合法的, 私生的) youngster of about 6 years of age when social workers discovered her. However, Isabelle’s circumstances differed from those of Anna in a number of respects. For one thing, Isabelle’s mother, a deaf mute, spent much of her time the girl in a dark room shut off from the rest of the family. For another, Isabelle was given prolonged, systematic, and expert training in speech and other skills by faculty members at Ohio State University. At first Isabelle made only strange sounds and displayed fear and hostility (敌意). But after an intensive language training, Isabelle learned to speak and by 14, she had passed the sixth grade; appeared to be bright, cheerful and energetic, and participated in school activities like other children. Isabelle is reported to have completed high school, to have married, and to have had her own normal family.
  与安娜一样,伊莎贝拉也是非婚生的孩子。被社会工作者发现时,她六岁。然而,伊莎贝拉的情况与安娜有很多不同之处。其一,伊莎贝拉的母亲是聋哑人,和女儿一起被关在黑暗的房间里,与其他家人隔离。其二,伊莎贝拉获得了俄亥俄州立大学教职工在语言和其他技能方面对她开展的长时间系统性的专业训练。起初,伊莎贝拉只能发出奇怪的声音,而且表现出恐惧和敌意。但是经过语言强化训练,伊莎贝拉学会了说话。十四岁的时候,她通过了六年级考试,看起来聪明、活泼且精力充沛。和其他孩子一样,她参加学校活动。据报道,伊莎贝拉读完了高中,婚后拥有了自己正常的家庭。
Which description about Anna is NOT true?  B
Anna’s mother was not married to her father.
Anna was poor in physical condition.
Anna’s grandfather felt ashamed of her.
Anna was hidden in a small attic.
Before Anna died, she  C  .
Could have conversation with people
Reunited with her father
Had developed some good habits
Could not dress herself
Isabelle was different from Anna  A  .
In that she was isolated from the other family members other than her mother
In that she was an adult when being discovered
In that Anna’s mother could not speak
In that Isabelle’s grandfather didn’t like her
According to the passage, after Isabelle had been discovered, at first she  A  .
Learned very slowly  B. was attracted by the outside world very much  C. showed great potentials in language learning  D. learned to dress herself
Isabelle is reported to  B  .
Go to college  B. lead a normal life  C. help her mother learn to speak  D. perform excellently at school
Passage 4
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
  A lawyer friend of mine has devoted herself to the service of humanity. Her special area is called “public interest law”.
  我的一位律师朋友致力于人道服务。她钻研的特别领域称为“公众利益法”。
  Many other lawyers represent (代表) only clients who can pay high fees. All lawyers have had expensive and highly specialized training, and they work long, difficult hours for the money they earn. But what happens to people who need legal help and cannot afford to pay the lawyers’ fees?
  许多其他律师只为出得起高价的客户辩护。所有律师都经历过价格不菲专业性极强的训练,他们凭长时间艰苦的工作挣钱。但是,那些需要法律援助却付不起律师费的人如何是好?
  Public interest lawyers fill this need. Patricia, like other public interest lawyers, earns a salary much below what some lawyers can earn. Because she is willing to take less money, her clients have the help they need, even if they can pay nothing at all.
  公众利益律师满足了这一需要。与其他公众利益律师一样,帕翠西亚比一些律师挣到的收入低很多。因为她愿意少拿钱,即便她的客户什么也付不起,他们也获得了所需要的帮助。
  Some clients need legal help because stores have cheated them with faulty merchandise (商品) . Others are in unsafe apartments, or are threatened with eviction (逐出,赶出) and have no place to go. Their cases are all called “civil” cases. Still others are accused of criminal acts, and seek those public interest lawyers who handle “criminal” cases. There are just a few of the many situations in which the men and women who are public interest lawyers serve to extend justice throughout our society.
  一些客户因为商店以假冒伪劣商品欺骗了他们,因而需要法律援助。有些客户因为居住在不安全的公寓里,或者受到驱逐威胁无家可归。这些案件都称为“民事”案件。还有一些客户被指控有犯罪行为,他们也会找专事“刑事”案件的公众利益律师为他们辩护。众多案件中只有位数不多的数起需要公众利益律师在全社会范围内伸张正义。 
A person who needs and uses legal help is called a  B  .
Lawyer  B. client  C. farmer  D. case worker
Public interest lawyers serve  D  .
Only stores and landlords  B. criminals only  C. people who can pay high fees  D. people who can pay little or nothing
If only rich could be helped by lawyers, the justice system would be  A  .
Unfair  B. fair and reasonable  C. modern  D. in need of no changes
Public interest law includes  C  .
Civil cases only  B. criminal cases only  C. criminal and civil cases  D. wealthy clients’ cases
Which of the following is not a matter for a civil case?  C
A farmer is faced with eviction.
A landlord refuses to fix a dangerous staircase.
A burglar is arrested.
A store sells a faulty radio.
Part Two: Vocabulary and Structure (20%)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
Listening to radio is helpful to develop children’s  B  .
Direction  B. imagination  C. branch  D. measure
Robert did not hear the bell ring for he was completely  B  in his computer game.
Ashamed  B. absorbed  C. concerned  D. concentrated
The past year has been a  D  year. We did much research and wrote many papers.
Nervous  B. lengthy  C. literary  D. productive
Most of his colleagues kept their distance from him because he was a  C  unreasonable person.
Slightly  B. creatively  C. thoroughly  D. sincerely
Not only  D  difficult to light, but it smelled of oil.
It was  B. did it made  C. it made  D. was it
He took a wait-and-see  C  to the new situation.
Key  B. answer  C. attitude  D. assistance
He has the advantage  B  other children of being born in a wealthy family.
Above  B. over  C. than  D. with
Because of the mist, none of those who saw the flying object could tell its  C  shape.
Steady  B. likely  C. precise  D. rigid
I’d like very much to buy the camera.  D  , I haven’t got enough money on me.
Unconsciously  B. Undoubtedly  C. Unprofessionally  D. Unfortunately
Looking at the state of his car, it’s a  A  that he wasn’t killed!
Miracle  B. forehead  C. capacity  D. knot
They suggested that there should be better  B  in schools.
Punch  B. discipline  C. stuff  D. disaster
He was  C  to a school as a teacher in a mountain village.
Affected  B. impressed  C. assigned  D. adjusted
 D  They are my neighbors, I don’t know them well.
Whether   B. Otherwise   C. As   D. While
I was speaking to Emily on the phone when suddenly we were  A  .
Cut off  B. run out  C. broken down  D. 
The price  C  they sell eggs is not reasonable.
To which  B. on which  C. at which  D. for which
Generally speaking, the ownership of a famous car is a symbol of  B  .
Statue  B. status  C. height  D. statistics
Have you  D  your parents of your plan for the summer vacation?
Explained  B. revealed  C. instructed  D. informed
Mary was behaving childishly  D  she hadn’t grown up.
Because  B. since  C. as  D. as if
Music is  C  an important    our life.
Taking … care of  B. paying … attention to  C. playing … part in  D. getting … touch with
I have never been to Rome but that’s the city  A  .
I’d most like to visit  B. where I most like to visit  C. in which I’d most like to visit  D. what I’d like most to visit
It was rather difficult to guess what her  B  to the news would be.
Instrument  B. response  C. roar  D. audience
The doctor  A  me that the discomfort would disappear in a couple of days if I followed his advice.
Assured  B. ensured  C. confirmed  D. assumed
The robber told him that he had better keep silent  B  he wanted to get into trouble.
If  B. unless  C. otherwise  D. whether
She looked behind her from time to time to  B  that she was not followed.
Rely on  B. make sure  C. drive away  D. pull up
“I thought he was present at the meeting.”
“  B  .”
So was he  B. So he was  C. So I do  D. So do I
He gave his son some money for the  C  of a new dictionary.
Benefit  B. capacity  C. purchase  D. insight
I hate people who  A  the end of a film that you haven’t seen before.
Reveal  B. rewrite  C. recognize  D. respond
The team really looks good tonight because the coach had them  A  every night this week.
Practice  B. to practice  C. practiced  D. practicing
On their way home they  A  a woman selling flowers.
Encountered  B. yielded  C. absorbed  D. estimated
 A  so busy, I should go with you.
Were I not  B. Was I not  C. If I’m not  D. Had I not been
Police are trying to discover the  A  of a baby found by the side of a road.
Identity  B. forehead  C. principle  D. gesture
To save the earth, man must stop  D  its atmosphere.
Filling  B. emitting  C. wasting  D. polluting
Her face became red  C  she learned that she had made a silly question.
As long as  B. as far as  C. the instant  D. as well as
If you want to telephone him you will have to  B  the number in the book.
Look at  B. look up  C. look through  D. look over
Your hair needs  B  . You’d better have it    tomorrow.
To be cut … do  B. to be cut … done  C. cutting … do  D. cutting … to be done
In May the female birds build a  B  and lay their eggs.
Concept  B. nest  C. knot  D. file
Last year the advertising rate  D  by 20 percent.
Raised  B. aroused  C. arose  D. rose
It is  A  that we have exercise and fresh air and sleep.
Essential  B. obvious  C. original  D. previous
Would you please  A  your name, address and telephone number here?
Fill in  B. write in  C. write with  D. fill with
The manager promised to keep me  C  of how our business was going on.
Informing  B. to be informed  C. informed  D. to inform
Part Three: Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
  People live in groups, which we call societies, Societies and social relations are the subjects  61A  in the social sciences.
  人们生活在不同的群体之中,我们称之为社会。社会与社会关系是社会科学一直研究的课题。
  Men depend on other men and no the world around  62B  . The sun brings them warmth and light, day and night, summer and winter. Plants grow  63A  there is air and sunshine, earth and water; animals depend on plants:  64C  depend on water, air, sunshine, and the plants and animals around them.
  人与人,人与周边世界,是相互依存的关系。太阳不仅给人们带来温暖和光明,白日与黑夜,还带来了夏天与冬日。植物的生长需要空气,阳光,土地和水,而动物的生长又依赖于植物;生命离不开水,空气和阳光,而且也离不开周边的动植物。
  Wherever people live and  65D  they look like, many of their requirements are the  66B  . They need food and places to live  67A  warmth and sleep. They need  68C  social existence, they need friendships and relationships which will  69B  to marriage and family life. The members of a society depend on one  70A  .
  无论人们住在什么地方,属于什么人种,大部分人的需求是相同的。他们都需要食物和用于保暖和睡眠的住处。他们都需要社会认可,友情和传宗接代的婚姻关系。社会成员在社会中相互依存。
  In different societies we find different ways of finding  71A  and different methods of preparing it. Societies have  72C  habits and customs. They teach their children, care for  73D  people, look after old people in various ways. They have different  74C  in life, death, and the world  75B  which they were born.
  在不同的社会中,我们发现了不同的找食和煮食方式。不同的社会有不同的习惯与风俗。他们教育自己的后辈如何照顾病人和照料老人。他们对于生命与死亡,还有出生的世界有着不同的信仰。
  Most men  76A  to live in peace. The members of every social group accept certain rules and customs  77C  expect other members to know them. Children are taught to  78D  these rules, and what they do in  79B  life depends partly on the habits they  80A  when they were young.
  人们都想在和平中生活。每个社会群体中的成员都有他们各自的生活规则与习惯,并希望其他的成员了解其规则和习惯。后辈们被教育要遵守这些规则,他们年轻时候养成的习惯会部分影响他们之后的生活。
A. studied  B. learned  C. searched  D. explained
A. it  B. them  C. us  D. everyone
A. where  B. that  C. whether  D. for
A. lives  B. societies  C. men  D. relations
A. which  B. how  C. however  D. whatever
A. similar  B. same  C. one  D. like
A. in  B. on  C. with  D. by
A. for  B. of  C. a  D. that
A. move  B. lead  C. go  D. come
A. another  B. other  C. each  D. thing
A. food  B. meal  C. crops  D. minerals
A. modern  B. old  C. various  D. limited
A. healthy  B. educated  C. middle-aged  D. sick
A. positions  B. talks  C. beliefs  D. attitudes
A. over  B. into  C. from  D. beyond
A. want  B. think  C. have  D. believe
A. or  B. but  C. and  D. so
A. use  B. get  C. form  D. follow
A. late  B. later  C. latter  D. latest
A. learned  B. knew  C. taught  D. received
Part Four: Translation (15%)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and translate it into Chinese.
   The science people learn in school can provide the basic framework. But the rate of scientific progress is now so rapid that there are always new developments that have occurred since one was at school or university. I never learned about molecular biology or transistors at school, but genetic engineering and computers are two of the developments most likely to change the way we live in the future. Popular books and magazine articles about science can help to put across new developments, but even the most successful popular book is read by only a small proportion of the population. Only television can reach a truly mass audience. There are some very good science programmes on TV, but others present scientific wonders simply as magic, without explaining them or showing how they fit into the framework of scientific ideas. Producers of television science programmes should realize that they have a responsibility to educate the public, not just entertain it.
    人们在学校学到的科学知识可以提供一个基本框架。但如今科学进步的速度如此之快,一个人离开学校或大学后新的发展层出不穷。我在学校从未学过分子生物学或晶体管,但基因工程和计算机是极有可能改变我们未来生活的两项发展。有关科学的通俗读物和杂志文章能帮助人们了解新发展,但即使是最畅销的科普读物也只有一小部分人阅读。只有电视能赢得真正广大的观众。电视上有一些相当优秀的科学节目,但其他的节目把科学奇迹简单地作为魔术播出,既不加以说明,也不展示它们与科学观念的整体框架的关系。电视科学节目的制片人应该认识到,他们负有教育民众的重任,而不仅仅是为他们提供娱乐。
Part Five: Writing (15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 25 minutes to write a passage of about 100 words entitled “Youth”, based on the following information:
青年时期应该是学习的时期。
青年时期也是能够学好新知识的时期。
青年时期不会再来。
  Youth is a precious gift and golden time in your life. Youth is also the time when your memory is the best. You are more capable of learning when you are young than when you are old. The knowledge you have acquired during this time will certainly be helpful and useful in your later career.
  Young people are the least conservative and always ready to take in the new. When you are young, you are energetic and vigorous, strong and healthy. Therefore, the young should make full use of time to learn a skill of profession in their youth, setting high goals for themselves and having the courage to overcome any obstacle in their way.
  Youth comes only once in a lifetime. It is important that you should not idle away your youth. If you realize how precious youth is, you will certainly take advantage of it. The truth should always be remembered: never dream away your time when you are young.

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