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2014年陕西成人学位英语模拟真题卷(五)

来源:陕西成人高考网  【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】  2014-01-11 17:35:32  浏览量:1591

2014年陕西成人学位英语模拟真题卷(五)【西安精奇学位英语培训】
Part One: Reading Comprehension (40%)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
Passage 1
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
  “Time is a problem for kids,” states a news report for a new Swiss watch. Children in some countries “learn time slowly” because “they don’t wear watches” and “parents don’t know how to teach them time”. The kids grow up with their handicap and become adults --- and then can’t get to work on time. Is there an answer to this problem? Of course --- it’s Flik Flak, made by a famous Swiss watch company.
  一则关于瑞士一款新表的新闻报道说:“对孩子们来说如何养成时间观念是一个问题”。在有些国家,孩子之所以难以形成时间观念,是因为孩子不戴手表或者父母不知如何培养孩子的时间观念。这些孩子带着这种问题长大成人,以致不能按时上班。是否有什么办法解决这个问题呢?当然有,它就是由瑞士一家著名手表公司生产的飞菲童表。
  The Flik is being marketed as something teaching watch for children aged 4 to 10. The watch itself does not teach kids how to tell time, of course it merely “captures their imagination” by presenting the “hour” hand as a beautiful red girl named Flak and the “minute” as a tall blue boy named Flak. Flik points to corresponding “blue” minutes on the dial, while Flak points to red hour numbers. The characters and the colors combined with parental care, are supposed to teach young children how to tell time.
  飞菲童表是作为教4到10岁儿童如何认读时间的工具而在市场上销售的。当然表本身并不能教孩子们如何识别时间,它只能通过把时针设计成一个穿红色裙子的叫菲菲的漂亮女孩,分针设计成一个穿蓝色格子衬衫的叫飞飞的男孩来激发孩子们的想象力。飞飞指的是手表表面上蓝色的相应分数,而菲菲指的是手表表面上红色的小时数。符号,颜色加上父母的指导应该能让幼儿学会如何认读时间。
  The watch comes equipped with a standard battery and a nylon hand. Peter Lipkin, the United States sales manager for the Flak, calls it “Kid-proof: if it gets dirty you can throw the whole watch in the watch in the washing machine”. The product is being sold in select department stores in Europe, Asia and the United States for a suggested price of $25. Parents who buy the watch may discover that it is one thing for kids to tell time; it’s a quite another for them to be on time.
  这款表配有一个标准电池和一个尼龙指针。彼得·利普金,是美国飞菲童表的代理商,他把这款表叫做“儿童安全手表”,如果表脏了可以把表整个扔到洗衣机里洗。在欧洲,美国,亚洲你可以在百货大楼购买到,建议售价为25美元。买了这款表的父母会发现它一方面可以用于教孩子如何认读时间,另一方面也可以让孩子们学会如何准时。
From the news report we know that  B  .
Parents are patient when teaching children time
Parents have little idea of how to teach children time
Children tend to learn time quickly
Children enjoy wearing the Flik Flak watch
The author doesn’t seem to believe  A  .
Children will be on time if they have learned how to tell time
A Flik Flak can help parents teach their children how to tell time
The Flik Flak can capture children’s imagination
Children usually have trouble telling time if they don’t wear watches
The word “handicap” (line 3, Para 1) means  D  .
Displeasure  B. discouragement  C. disappointment  D. disadvantage
Flik Flak in the passage stands for  B  .
A tall boy and a beautiful girl
The minute hand and the hour hand
The Swiss watch company
The designers of watch
The United States sales manager calls the new watch “kid-proof” because  C  .
It is designed to teach children to be on time
It proves to be effective in teaching children time
It is made so as not to be easily damaged by children
It is the children’s favorite watch
Passage 2
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
  In many countries in the process of industrialization, overcrowded cities present a major problem. Poor conditions in these cities, such as lack of housing, inadequate sanitation (卫生) and lack of employment, bring about an increase in poverty, disease and crime.
  在许多国家的工业化过程中,绝大多数城市都会出现一个主要问题,即恶劣的情况如住房不足,卫生条件较差,就业机会较少等会导致贫穷,疾病和犯罪的增长。
  The over-population of towns is mainly caused by the drift of large number of people from the rural areas. These people have become dissatisfied with the traditional life of farming, and have come to the towns hoping for better work and play.
  大量的人口从农村流入城镇导致城镇的人口过多。来自农村的人口已不能满足传统的耕种生活,他们流入城镇希望找到更好的工作和发挥场所。
  One possible solution to the problem would be to impose registration on town residents. Only officially registered residents would be allowed to live in the towns and the urban population would thus be limited. In practice, however, registration would be difficult to enforce (推行); it would cause a great deal of resentment (不满), which would ultimately lead to violence.
  一个可能的解决办法是对城镇居民进行登记。只有正式登记的居民才允许住在城镇,这样就可以控制城市人口了。可是,实际上登记制度很难实行,而且还会引来诸多不满,最终导致暴力行为发生。
  The only long-term solution is to make life in the rural areas more attractive, which would encourage people to stay there. This could be achieved by providing encouragement for people to move and work in the villages. Facilities in the rural areas, such as transport, health and education services should be improved. Education should include training in improved methods of farming and other rural industries, so as to develop a more positive attitude towards rural life. The improvement of life in the villages is very important, because the towns themselves cannot be developed without the simultaneous (同步的) or previous development of the rural area.
  长期的解决办法只能是使农村的生活更加具有吸引力,从而让人们能留在那。鼓励人们搬到农村居住或工作也许有助于实现这一目标。农村地区的设施,如交通,保健和教育服务也应改进。教育应包括改良的农业技术和村办工业技术方面的培训,这样才能培养一种对农村生活的更加积极的态度。对乡村生活的改进具有十分重要的作用,因为没有农村地区的同步或前期发展城镇就不可能有什么发展。
Large numbers of farmers have poured into towns because  B  .
They can hardly support their families on farms
They are unhappy with their life in the country
The rural areas are too crowded with people
They hope to have their own business
In the author’s view, solving the cities’ problem of overcrowding by strict registration is  C  .
Practical  B. possible  C. not realistic  D. not efficient
What does the word “urban” (Line 3, Para. 3) mean  A  .
Of the city  B. Out of work  C. In a bad condition  D. Of enormous size
According to the writer, the problem with crowded cities will be solved if  B  .
Traditional methods of farming are well kept
Conditions in rural areas are much improved
The government can provide more jobs
Violence could be controlled in cities
Which factor is most important for people to be attracted to live in the country?  C
Their expectation.  B. Their interests.  C. Their income.  D. Their attitude.
Passage 3
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
  Teachers often complain that students don’t do their homework properly and that they are constantly arriving at school red-eyed and yawning (打哈欠) due to lack of sleep.
  老师常抱怨说学生不能好好做作业,由于缺少睡眠他们到校时常常是红着眼睛,哈欠连天。
  It appears that there are two main explanations for this phenomenon. Firstly, many young children stay up late to watch television. Programs suitable for them may finish as late as eight o’clock. No child wants to be an exception in an age of conformity (一致) and admit not having seen what everybody else has. Secondly, a growing number of older children, particularly those approaching school-leaving age, are taking up part-time jobs mainly involving evening or weekend work. They feel that working experience, not academic qualifications, will help them find jobs on leaving school. One can sympathize with both groups of children but it doesn’t make a teacher’s life any easier.
  对这种现象主要有两种解释。第一种,许多年龄小的孩子熬夜看电视。虽然适合他们看的电视节目最迟8点就结束了。可是没有哪个孩子想成为同龄人中的例外,承认自己没看到别的孩子都看了的节目。第二点,许多年长的孩子,特别是那些接近中学毕业的孩子,在做着晚上或周末上班的兼职工作。他们认为是工作经验而不是学历更有助于他们在高中毕业后找到工作。你也许会同情这两种孩子但这并不会让老师的生活更好过。
According to the passage, teachers complain about  D  .
Lack of help from their students 
B. their heavy work load 
C. lack of understanding and support from students’ parents 
D. students’ poor homework and weak motivation in study
Young children stay up late to watch television because  C  .
Parents nowadays don’t pay enough attention to their children
There isn’t much homework for them to do
The programs suitable for them finish late
Good programs start late
How do part-time jobs interfere (干扰) with study?  B
School hours and work hours often clash.
Students usually feel very tired after their part-time jobs.
Part-time jobs take up little of study time.
Part-time jobs have nothing to do with the students’ school work.
The author thinks the two groups of school children  A  .
Are understandable
Should be punished
Should be praised
Should be told how difficult their teacher’s life is
What is the passage mainly about?  D
Interference of TV programs.
Importance of working experience.
The hard life of the teachers.
Causes of students’ neglect of school work.
Passage 4
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
  In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of saying poetry aloud or giving speeches.
  在古代最重要的考试是口试而不是笔试。在古希腊和古罗马的学校,测试通常是由大声朗诵诗歌和演讲组成的。
  In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates (候选人) for the doctor’s degree.
  中世纪时,在欧洲的大学,想要获得高级学位的学生必须要和他们所研究的领域里对这个课题有专门研究的人讨论问题。这个传统沿袭至今成为考核博士学位应试者的步骤之一。
  Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same questions, was probably not known until the 19th century. perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, is like a group of workers at an automobile factory. Certainly, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines.
  总的来说,现代的考试是笔试。笔试,即所有考生就同样问题进行答题的考试方式,直到19世纪才为人所熟知。也许它是随着人口的大量增加和现代工业的发展而产生的。一个坐满了参加州立考试考生的教室,考试由电子钟准确定时,考生由监考人认真监考的情形就像是汽车制造厂的一群工人在工作。当然,考试时老师和学生要像机器一样工作。
  One type of test is sometimes called an “objective” test. It is intended to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To make up an objective test the teacher writes a series of answers, each of which has only one correct answer. Along with each question the teacher writes the correct answer and also three statements that look like answers to students who have not learned the material properly.
  有一种类型的测试叫客观测试,这种测试题试图解决一些事实问题而不是个人观点问题。要设计一套客观测试题,老师就要做出一系列答案,每一个问题只有一个正确的答案。每一个问题后老师会给出一个正确答案和三个为那些没有好好读资料的学生准备的干扰项。
Advanced students in the Middle Ages  D  .
Specialized in one subject
Were asked to say poetry aloud in the test
Were watched over during the tests
Usually had their exams in oral form
Para. 3 mainly tells us  C  .
The increased population has a positive effect on the way of testing
There are only written exams today
Modern exams are written and timed
Modern workers have to take exams
In a (an)  B  exam, students must select answers.
Subjective  B. objective  C. spoken  D. oral
Modern industry must have developed  A  .
Around the 19th century  B. first in Greece or Rome  C. before the Middle Ages        D. machines to take tests
We can safely infer that  A  .
Testing has changed since the Middle Ages
Exams should test only opinions
Exams should always be written
Oral exams are no longer existing
Part two: Vocabulary and Structure (20%)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
Virtually all the empty apartments in downtown areas have been rent at  A  high prices.
Extremely  B. extensively  C. specially  D. constantly
I looked for a table to sit down at, but they were all  A  .
Reserved  B. engaged  C. used up  D. taken up
It took us several weeks to work out the plan, but it  B  a failure.
Turned in  B. turned out  C. turned down  D. turned away
Beer is the most popular drink among male drinkers,  C  overall consumption is significantly higher than that of women.
Which  B. what  C. whose  D. that
There are lot of good auto-focus cameras  D  at the moment --- most of these are made in Japan.
Attainable  B. approachable  C. applicable  D. available
This dictionary costs  D  as the other one.
As twice  B. as many twice  C. as much twice  D. twice as much
When Edison died, it was proposed that the American people  B  all power in their homes, streets, and factories for several minutes in honor of this great man.
Would turn off  B. turn off  C. turned off  D. must turn off
Many people complain of the rapid  C  of modern life.
Rate  B. speed  C. pace  D. growth
The speaker,  D  for her splendid speech, was warmly received by the audience.
Having known  B. being known  C. knowing  D. known
I suppose that when I come back in ten years’ time all these old houses  A  down.
Will have been pulled  B. will have pulled  C. will be pulling  D. will be pulled
We’ll visit Europe next year  D  we have enough money.
Lest  B. until  C. unless  D. provided
I used to smoke  B  but I gave it up three years ago.
Seriously  B. heavily  C. badly  D. severely
Nuclear science will be developed to benefit the people  C  harm them.
More than  B. other than  C. rather than  D. better than
They usually have less money at the end of the month than  C  at the beginning.
Which is  B. which was  C. they have  D. it is
Many difficulties have  B  as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.
Risen  B. arisen  C. raised  D. arrived
We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are  A  .
Out of stock  B. out of work  C. out of reach  D. out of practice
The residents,  D  had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross.
All their homes  B. all of their homes  C. all whose homes  D. all of whose homes
To be frank, I’d rather you  D  in the case.
Will not be involved  B. not involved  C. not to be involved  D. were not involved
 C  right now, she would get there on Sunday.
Would she leave  B. If she leaves  C. Were she to leave  D. If she had left
We are quite sure that we can  B  our present difficulties and finish the task according to the schedule.
Get across  B. get over  C. get away  D. get off
 D  his great wealth, he always remained a man of simple taste.
Except for  B. With regard to  C. Although  D. Despite
The situation today is quite different from  A  it was only 50 years ago.
What  B. which  C. as  D. when
Franklin’s ability to learn from observation and experience  C  greatly to his success in public life.
Related  B. attached  C. contributed  D. owed
Actually, information technology can  B  the gap between the poor and the rich.
Link  B. bridge  C. break  D. deepen
Over a third of third of the population were estimated to have no  D  to the health service.
Assess  B. assessment  C. assignment  D. access
The hotel  D  $60 for a single room with bath.
Claims  B. demands  C. prices  D. charges
People aren’t enjoying better lives when they have jobs because the  B  of living is rising.
Fee  B. cost  C. payment  D. fare
For more than 20 years, we’ve been supporting educational programs that  C  from kindergartens to colleges.
Move  B. shift  C. range  D. spread
Finding a job in such a big company has always been  A  his wildest dream.
Beyond  B. under  C. over  D. above
The manager lost his  B  just because his secretary was ten minutes late.
Mind  B. temper  C. passion  D. mood
What he told us about the affair simply doesn’t make any  A  .
Sense  B. idea  C. meaning  D. significance
One of his faults is that he never  C  to anything very long.
Sees  B. refers  C. sticks  D. turns
The manager needs an assistant that he can  A  to take care of the problems in his absence.
Count on  B. count in  C. count up  D. count down
With the increasing unemployment rate, workers who are 50 to 60 years old are usually the first to be  D  .
Laid aside  B. laid out  C. laid down  D. laid off
Numerous studies already link the first meal of the day to better classroom  A  .
Performance  B. behavior  C. function  D. display
The technological advances made it possible for the middle classes to enjoy what had once been  D  only to the very rich.
Manageable  B. measurable  C. acceptable  D. affordable
Beethoven is my favorite musician. I regard him as  C  other musicians.
Superior than  B. more superior than  C. superior to  D. more superior to
You would be  D  a risk to let your child go to school by himself.
Omitting  B. attaching  C. affording  D. running
You can hire a bicycle in many places. Usually you will have to pay a  A  .
Deposit  B. deal  C. fare  D. fund
It is suggested that parents limit the amount of virtual violence on video games and movies that their children are  B  to.
Expanded  B. exposed  C. related  D. shown
Part Three: Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet by blackening the letter.
  One might predict that the easiest and fastest adjustment would be made by the flexible person who had chosen to come to the new country and who had a job. In addition,  61C  would be easier for someone whose culture and language are  62A  to those of the new country.  63D  a person who has a lot of support  64A  friends and family would probably adjust more quickly. Undoubtedly, in many  65C  , these would be good predictors of a relatively smooth adjustment. However, sometimes there are surprises in people’s cultural  66B  to new country.
  有人说那些被挑选来到一个新国家并找到工作的人来说,他们应该可以很快很容易地适应新环境。除此之外,如果新国家的文化和语言与自己本来的文化和语言相似,那么适应新环境就更不是问题了。而且如果能够得到朋友和家人的帮助,适应的速度就更快。毫无疑问,在很多情况下,这种说法在相对稳定的适应过程中是正确的。但是有时候在人们对于新国家的文化适应过程中会有一些不同情况发生。
  Some newcomers  67B  a society do well in their first year of cultural adjustment.  68C  , they may have a more difficult time later. Perhaps they expected the second year to be  69C  easy and successful as the first year, but are not prepared to deal with obstacles  70D  arise during the second year.  71A  who had problems from the beginning may  72D  find the second year easier  73B  they are used to solving problems. They expect difficulties and aren’t surprised by them.
  一些刚到新社会一年的人在文化适应上 没有大问题,但是之后的困难将接踵而来。也许是他们期望第二年能和第一年那样容易和成功,因此他们没有做好迎接困难的准备。那些在第一年就遇到困难的人会发现第二年更容易适应,因为他们已经适应如何解决问题了。他们认为困难并不会使他们手足无措。
  There is yet another unpredictable factor in cultural adjustment. Sometimes people come to a second  74A  speaking the new language very well, but still do not have an easy adjustment. The newcomers think  75C  because they have a good  76C  of the language, they will not have much difficulty.  77D  , if people think that the new country is very similar to their country of origin  78B  , in fact, it is not, they may actually adapt more slowly. This is because the newcomers only imagine the similarity between the two cultures. Therefore they may.  79B  that differences exist. Cultural differences do not  80A  , of course, just because a person denies that they exist.
  文化适应中还有另一个不可预料的问题。有时候人们到了一个新的国度,说着一口流利的外语,却不能很容易地适应新生活。初来者会认为掌握了语言,问题就能迎刃而解。除此之外,初来者有时会认为新国家与自己的母国相似,但实际上并非如此,所以他们的适应速度会更慢。这是因为初来者只看到了两国的相似之处。因此他们可能会否认差异的存在。文化之间的差异并不会因为一个人否认它存在而消失。
A. prediction  B. adaptability  C. adjustment  D. expectation
A. similar  B. superior  C. new  D. inferior
A. Particularly  B. Sometime  C. Personally  D. Finally
A. from  B. of  C. in  D. on
A. occasions  B. places  C. cases  D. parts
A. adoption  B. adaptation  C. application  D. objection
A. in  B. to  C. of  D. from
A. Moreover  B. So  C. However  D. Actually
A. so  B. more  C. as  D. very
A. when  B. what  C. of which  D. that
A. Those  B. That  C. Any  D. Some
A. really  B. typically  C. always  D. actually
A. when  B. because  C. what  D. due
A. culture  B. location  C. school  D. country
A. what  B. this  C. that  D. which
A. seize  B. snatch  C. grasp  D. thinking
A. However  B. In fact  C. In general  D. In addiction
A. which  B. when  C. where  D. that
A. refuse  B. deny  C. ignore  D. neglect
A. go away  B. get away  C. go off  D. get off
Part Four: Translation (15%)
Directions: Read the following passage carefully and translate it into Chinese.
  Friends play an important part in our lives, and although we may take the fact of friendship for granted, we often don’t clearly understand how we make friends. While we get on well with a number of people, we are usually friends with only a very few. Moreover, a great many relationships come under the general term “friendship”. In all cases, two people like one another and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of closeness between them and the reasons for their interest in each other vary greatly.
  In contrast with marriage, there are no friendship ceremonies to strengthen the relationship between two people. But the mutual support and understanding that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a close and lasting relationship, which can overcome difference in background, and break down barriers of age, class or race.
  朋友是我们每个人生活中重要的一部分。我们想当然地认为有友谊的存在,但通常我们并不清楚我们是如何交朋友的。尽管我们可以跟很多人相处得很好,但朋友却只有一两个。此外,很多人际关系都被冠以“友谊”的总称。事实上,两人彼此欣赏和喜欢聚在一起还远远不够,彼此间的关系的远近程度和对对方感兴趣的原因还是差异很大的。
  与婚姻有个婚礼完全不同的是,友谊关系并没有友谊礼来联系和加强。源于共同的经历和感情建立起来的相互支持和理解才能产生亲密持久的友谊。这种情况下建立的友谊能克服双方背景的差异,年龄、社会阶层和种族的隔阂。
Part Five: Writing (15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 25 minutes to write a passage of about 100 words entitled “How We Spend the Spring Festival” based on the following information:
春节是一个重要的节日,我们都盼着它。
去年我们家是怎么过春节的。
春节给我们留下快乐的记忆,我们都喜欢过春节。
How We Spent the Happy Spring Festival
  The Spring Festival is the most important festival in China. After one year’s hard work we will have a long holiday and get relaxed. It is a time of family gathering. We all like it.
  We have our special ways to celebrate it. Last year we had a big dinner on the night of New Year’s Eve. We were so happy that my brother came back from Canada. We left some food to the New Year Day as a custom. That means “We have a good harvest enough for next year.” Then we set off to Sanya, a seaside city in the tropical area. There we enjoyed wonderful sunshine, beautiful scenery and delicious seafood. Just imagine a Spring Festival without snow!
  Traveling is an interesting way to celebrate the Spring Festival. We are now planning another trip for this year’s Spring Festival.

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