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2013年陕西成人学位英语真题阅读理解解析(三)

来源:陕西成人高考网  【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】  2014-01-11 18:07:12  浏览量:1404

      2013年陕西成人学位英语真题阅读理解解析(三)
  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
  (79)John had bought a packet of cigarettes just before we caught the train and he offered me one as we settled ourselves in our compartment. We were on our way back from a camping holiday;we had lived rough for over a fortnight and even a cigarette was a luxury at that moment.
  I felt in my pocket for a box of matches,but could not find any.
  “I haven't got any either,” said John.
  Sitting opposite to us was a man whose face was hidden by a newspaper.
  “Excuse me,sir,”said John,leaning across. “Could you give me a light,please?”
  The newspaper was lowered to reveal a rather elderly man with a stern face.
  “This is a no smoking compartment,”the man said. He indicated the notice near the window. We apologized and put away our unlit cigarettes.
  (80)The man went on,in a rather more kindly way,to warn us against the dangers of smoking.
  “I speak as a doctor,”he concluded,and after that he went back to reading his newspaper.
  When he got out a few stations later,he left his newspaper behind him. We picked it up,eager to find out what had happened while we were on holiday.
  “Just look at this,”remarked John,pointing to a photograph. “it's the man who was sitting opposite us.” Underneath the photograph was an account of a lunatic (精神病者)who had recently escaped. It appeared that he liked to pretend to be a doctor.
  11.The friends had spent their holiday ______.
  A. on a boat B. in a tent C. on a farm D. with an aunt
  12. Their holiday had lasted ______.
  A. more than two weeks B. just two weeks
  C. less than two weeks D. a week or two
  13. The man ______.
  A. threw his newspaper away
  B. offered them his newspaper
  C. dropped his newspaper
  D. did not take his newspaper with him
  14. The two friends read the newspaper ______.
  A. in a hurry B. with great interest
  C. to pass the time D. to look at the pictures
  15. The man's photograph was in the newspaper because he was ______.
  A. a doctor B. a spaceman C. a madman D. an actor
  一、文章大意和总体结构分析
  这篇文章是一个小故事,讲述作者和朋友火车上与同车厢的旅客间发生的一件趣事。作者和约翰准备在火车上吸烟,但是坐在对面的旅客提醒他们这是无烟车厢并忠告了他们吸烟的害处。文章一直很符合逻辑地进行,但是最后的结尾比较出人意料。原来坐在对面的自称为医生的旅客竟是一位刚从精神病院逃出的患者。
  二、试题详解
  11、B 此题考查的是考生对文章信息的搜索。We were on our way back from a camping holiday.说明作者刚刚结束露营回来,而露营一般都会联想到tent“帐篷”。A项on a boat“在船上”,C项on a farm“在农场上”,D项 with an aunt“与阿姨一起”,这三项在文章中都没有体现。
  12、A 本题考查的是对词义的理解。We had lived rough for over a fortnight.Fortnight意思是两周。Over,“超过”,超过两周,所以应选A, more than two weeks.
  13、D.倒数第二行说:He left his newspaper behind him…… A. threw his newspaper away,“扔掉报纸”;B. offered them his newspaper “将报纸给了作者和他的朋友”;C. dropped his newspaper,“扔掉报纸”。
  14、D.最后一段第一行说:“Just look at this”,remarked John,pointing to a photograph. “pointing to a photograph”,“指着报纸上的照片”。A. in a hurry,“匆忙地”;B. with great interest,“带着很大的兴趣”;C. to pass the time,“为了消磨时间”。这三项都与文章的意思不符,所以应选A。
  15、C.此题旨在测试考生对单词的理解。最后一段第二行说:“Underneath the photograph was an account of a lunatic who had recently escaped.” Lunatic意为“精神病患者”。所以应选C.a madman。
  三、文章长难句分析
  1、John had bought a packet of cigarettes just before we caught the train and he offered me one as we settled ourselves in our compartment. 就在我们赶上火车之前约翰买了一包烟,等我们在车厢安顿好之后他递给我一支。Catch the train,赶上火车。Settle sb. in some places,在某处坐好,安顿好。
  2、The man went on,in a rather more kindly way,to warn us against the dangers of smoking. 这个男人以一种更和善的口吻坚持让我们警惕吸烟的危害。In a more kindly way,为插入语,修饰这个人说话的语气、态度。To warn us against the dangers of smoking是宾语成分。
  四、核心词汇
  Settle sb. in some places,坐好、安顿好;live rough艰苦地度过;be opposite to在对面;lean across倾斜身体; no smoking compartment无烟车厢;warn against告捷、警告;eager to急于做某事;an account of,…的说明;pretend to假装
  五、全文翻译
  就在我们赶上火车之前约翰买了一包烟,等我们在车厢安顿好之后他递给我一支。我们正从假期露营回家的路上,经过了两个多星期的艰苦生活,现在一支香烟对我们来说都是一种奢侈。
  我摸摸口袋,想找出火柴,但发现我没有。“我也没有”,约翰说。我们对面坐着一位先生,报纸遮住了他的脸。“对不起,先生”,约翰斜了斜身子,“您能借我们个火儿吗?”那位已过中年的先生放低报纸,我们看到他严肃的脸。“这是无烟车厢”,他说,并向我们指了指窗户上的标志。我们向他到了歉并收起了还未点着的香烟。这个男人以一种更和善的口吻坚持让我们警惕吸烟的危害。最后他总结道:“作为一名医生,我这么讲。”然后便继续看报。火车又经过了几站,那位先生便下车了,并留下了他的报纸。我们拿过报纸,急于了解在我们露营期间外面都发生了什么。“看看这个”,约翰指着一张照片对我说,“这不是刚才坐在我们对面的那个人吗?”照片底下有一行说明,这就是最近刚刚逃出来精神病患者。看来他喜欢假扮医生。

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