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2010年成考高起点英语真题及答案解析

来源:陕西成人高考网  【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】  2014-05-07 15:00:36  浏览量:2890

    2010年成考高起点英语真题及答案解析
    答案必须答在答题卡上指定的位置,答在试卷上无效。
  一、语音知识(共5小题:每题1.5分,共7.5分)
  在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同,找出这个词。
  (    ) 1. A. certain           B. railway        C. sail            D. wait
    (    ) 2. A. Thursday         B. thousand       C. television       D. result
    (    ) 3. A. push            B. number         C. cut            D. rubber
    (    ) 4. A. everyone         B. reply           C. safety         D. physics
    (    ) 5. A. attention         B. station          C. direction       D. question
  正确答案:1、A     2、C    3、A    4、B   5、D
  【精奇成考名师解析】这几道题分别考察字母组合ai, s, u y, tion 的发音。
   二.词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。)
  从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。
  6. What do you imagine the child uses this old tool  _____ ?
  A. about   B. by  C. for  D. of
  解析C. use sth for  ,表示用某物做某事
  【精奇成考名师点评】这道题考查固定短语。常见词汇。
  7.-Have you got a camera?
  -No. I should buy.
  A. it   B. one  C. that  D. this
  【精奇成考名师解析】B. 此题考察it 和one的区别。It是特指某物,而one指的是一个.
  8. Peter was about to unlock the door _____ he found someone had broken into the room.
  A. once  B. before  C. than  D. when
  【精奇成考名师解析】D此题考察四个连词的区别。根据词义应该选D when 这时,此刻。
  9. The speaker, _____ for his speeches, was warmly received by the students.
  A. known  B. to be known  C. having known  D. being known
  【精奇成考名师解析】A 此题考察分词作定语,应该和所修饰词找关系。The speaker应该是被知道,所以选过去分词。
  10. His ____ is so great that money doesn’t mean much to him.
  A.  idea  B. richness  C. health  D. wealth
  【精奇成考名师解析】D 此题考察四个选项的意思。Ideas 是主意,想法。richness 是富裕,富有。Health是健康。Wealth是财富。 根据意思应该选D。
  11. My husband and I both go out to work, _____ we share housework at home.
  A. for  B. so  C. yet  D. or
  【精奇成考名师解析】B 此题在考察学生连词。根据句意应该选B。我和我的丈夫都在外边工作,因此我们在家一起做家务。
  12.-Would you like to go to the cinema with us tonight?
  -_____, but I don’t think I can afford the time.
  A. I’d  B. I’d better go  C. I didn’t wan to  D. I wouldn’t
  【精奇成考名师解析】A 回答中的but说明前后句的意思是相反的。后句说我们有时间,所以前句是我想去。
  13.It is recorded that in 1892 the weather became so cold that the river ____ over.
  A. freezes  B. was freezing  C. has frozen  D. froze
  【精奇成考名师解析】D 此题考察时态。很明显in 1892 出现了,应该是一般过去时。
  14. The President gave the Secretary of State 30 days ____ the report.
  A. completes  B. to complete C. completing  D. completed
  【精奇成考名师解析】B.此题考察动词不定式.第一个动词是gave, 后边应该加to do 的形式。
  15. -Who do you think has made my room so dirty, Mom?
  -It ____ be your younger brother.
  A. must   B. shall   C. will   D. would
  【精奇成考名师解析】A。此题考察情态动词must 表示猜测的意思,一定。
  16. Hold on, please. I’ll put you ____ to the manager.
  A. across   B. through   C. off   D. over
  【精奇成考名师解析】B put through to sb 是个固定短语,接通某人的电话。
  17. People were disturbed and began to see where the noise ___.
  A. is coming   B. was coming   C. has come   D. had come
  【精奇成考名师解析】B 人们被打扰了,开始去看噪音是来自哪里的。
  18. _____ in the letter did the young man say anything about his mistake.
  A. Anywhere   B. Everywhere   C. Nowhere   D. Somewhere
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。看到此题是陈述句,但是did提前了,应该立刻想到倒装,看选项能够引起倒装的只有nowhere.
  19. The Greens chose to live ___ life was cheap, and they moved to a small town years ago.
  A. if   B. until   C. when   D. where
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。根据句意选择。格林一家选择住在生活费用比较低的地方。
  20. I wrote a letter to the car dealer, _____ what had happened to my net car.
  A. explaining   B. to explain   C. explains   D. explained
  【精奇成考名师解析】A。分词作状语和主语找关系。我解释了,是主动,所以用现在分词。
    三.完形填空(共15小题:每题2分,共30分。)
  通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳选项。
  Everyone likes things that are free, and businesses often give things for free to customers as a way of getting more people to pay attention to their products.
  Ariely, a scientist from MIT, did an experiment on what people would do when _21_ things that were free. He _22_ a group of students two kinds of chocolates: the good one for 15 cents each and the poor one for I cent each. The good chocolate was worth﹩1.00, so 15 cents was very cheap, _23_ the poor quality chocolate was worth 5 cents, so _24_ it for I cent wasn’t very cheap.
  Most people chose the high quality chocolate for 15 cents. That’s not a _25_. But then Ariely lowered the _26_ of  both pieces of chocolate by I cent. If people were _27_ correctly, then they should _28_ choose the good quality chocolate. But that _29_ what happened. Most people chose the free chocolate. This doesn’t make sense in our _30_ way of understanding economic behavior(经济行为).
  What is happening here? Ariely  _31_   that people want to get a good bargain . But they also want to reduce risk(风险). That is, they want to _32_ the chance of making a _33_. If you pay 14 cents for a piece of chocolate, and then you don’t _34_ like it when you eat it, you have lost 14 cents. But when something is free and you don’t like it, you haven’t lost anything. People would _35_ not to take a risk over getting a better bargain.
  21. A. facing   B. buying   C. giving   D. treating
  【精奇成考名师解析】A.根据意思来选择。Ariely做了一个实验,关于当人们面对免费东西时会做什么的实验。表示面对只有A
  22. A. posted   B. produced   C. offered   D. told
  【精奇成考名师解析】C. 他给了一群学生两种巧克力.offer表示提供,给。
  23. A. if        B. as       C. for       D. but
  【精奇成考名师解析】D 根据此句话的意思:高质量的巧克力值﹩1.00,所以15分是非常便宜的,下一句是低质量的值5分,所以两句间应该是转折关系,用but.
  24. A. getting    B. holding   C. eating    D. making
  【精奇成考名师解析】A.这里的getting相当于buying.根据句意,因此用一分钱买不是很便宜。
  25. A. dream     B. reason    C. reply     D. surprise
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。根据上文的分析,大多数人选择高质量的巧克力不是一件惊奇的事情。
  26. A. weight     B. size      C. price     D. quality
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。根据上下文,下文是降低了巧克力的价格。所以这里应该是lower the price.
  27. A. working    B. thinking   C. planning   D. looking
  【精奇成考名师解析】B.如果人们正确的思考,他们仍然应该选择高质量的巧克力。
  28. A. still     B. once    C. almost    D. even
  【精奇成考名师解析】A。still 仍然,还。符合题意。
  29. A. should be   B. shouldn’t be    C. is   D. isn’t
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。根据下文,那不是按照正确思考所发生的。
  30. A. easy       B. old   C. normal      D. modem
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。根据此句的意思,这不是我们对经济行为的正常理解。
  31. A. questioned     B. explained      C. agreed       D. added
  【精奇成考名师解析】B。上文讲到人们的行为不正常,所以Ariely对此进行了解释…….
  而不是质疑question, 或agree。
  32. A. find   B. leam      C. lower       D. take
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。根据下文,他们想降低犯错误的风险。
  33. A. decision   B. mistake    C. promise      D. waming
  【精奇成考名师解析】B。make a mistake 是固定短语。
  34. A. usually    B. gradually      C. certainly      D. actually
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。根据句意,当你吃巧克力的时候,你实际上并不喜欢它,你就失去了14分。
  35. A. start       B. prefer      C. manage        D. afford
  【精奇成考名师解析】B。根据句意,人们更愿意不冒风险而得到更好廉价物。
   四.阅读理解(共15小题:每题3分,共45分。)
  阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。
  A
  Probably no other musical instrument(乐器) is as popular around the world as the guitar(吉他). Almost every kind of music needs a guitar. Country and westem music would not be the same without a guitar. The Spanish music called flamenco could not exist without a guitar. The sound of American blues music would not be the same without the sad cry of the guitar. And rock and roll music would almost be impossible without this instrument.
  People do not agree about where the guitar was first played, but most agree it is very old. Some say an instrument very much like a guitar was played in Egypt more than one thousand years ago. Some others say that an old form of the modem guitar was brought to Spain from Persia sometime in the 12 century. The guitar continued to develop in Spain. In the 1700s it became similar to the instrument we know today.
  Many famous musicians played the instrument. The famous musician Niccolo Paganinni played and wrote music for the guitar in the early 1800s. Franz Schubert used the guitar to write some of his famous works. In modem times Andres Segovia helped make the instrument extremely popular.
  One kind of music for the guitar developed in the southern area of Spain called Adalusia. It will always be strongly connected with the Spanish guitar.
  36. What is discussed about the guitar in Paragraph 1?
  A. Its history in America.
  B. Its value in the music world.
  C. Its importance for music lovers.
  D. Its use in musical performance.
  【精奇成考名师解析】B。着重看文章的第一段。我们从第一句和第二句中可知此段主要讲几乎每一种音乐都需要吉他。也就是吉他在音乐世界中的价值,即B选项。
  37. Where could the oldest form of the guitar probably exist according to the text?
  A. In Spain.  B. In Persia.  C. In Egypt.  D. In America.
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。从第二段红色部分得知,选项应该是C。
  38. Who did most to make the guitar very popular?
  A. Adalusia.  B. Andres Segovia.  C. Franz Schubert.  D. Niccolo Paganinni.
  【精奇成考名师解析】B。从第三段红色部分得知,选项应该是B
  39. What would be the best title for the text?
  A. Music and Musicians   B. The History of the Guitar
  C. Music and Musical Instruments  D. The Most Popular Musical lnstrument
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。A,C两个选项的题目太大,不能确切的总结全文的意思。B选项太偏,文章不光是讲吉他的历史。从第一段的第一句我们就可以知道,文章讲的是世界上最流行的乐器吉他。所以此题选D.
  B
  Eight years ago, officials in Chicago. Illinois, decided to replace the black roof on the city government building with a planted garden. The aim was to reduce energy costs, improve air quality and control the rainwater entering the city’s waste system(系统). Green roofs also help reduce a problem called urban heat islands (城市热岛现象). During hot weather. the building’s root could reach temperatures of up to 76℃. With the garden, the temperature of the root area was reduced by at least 30℃. Workers planted over 150 kinds of plants that could stand bad weather. Now. the area is cooler, the building requires less energy to keep cool, and the root looks nice. Chicago also offers money to help people pay for building their own green roots.
  About five years ago. officials in Thane, India, decided to reduce the city’s depending on power from coal. The city often experiences lack of power because of the large numbers of people using electriciry. Officials decided to save energy by putting water heaters(热水器) powered by the sun on top of the city’s main hospital. The hospital saved thousands of dollars in energy costs each year. Officials then began building this kind of water heater around the city.
  China has announced plans to build a city called Dongtan. The company designing the city says it will produce its energy from the wind, sun and waste. The aim is for the city to be an example to the rest of China.
  40. What did the officials in Chicago decide to do?
  A. To grow plants on the roof of the government building.
  B. To make use of the rainwater in the city’s waste system.
  C. To improve the air quality of the city greatly.
  D. TO build another government building.
  【精奇成考名师解析】 A。从文章的第一段第一句可以直接找出答案。
  41. What problem does Thane have according to the text?
  A. The city doesn’t have enough electricity for its people.
  B. The city’s main hospital lacks money for energy costs.
  C. The city needs more water heaters for its people.
  D. The city needs to control its population growth.
  【精奇成考名师解析】A从文章第二段红色部分可知,这个城市经常缺少电,所以选择A,城市没有足够的电。
  42. Why does China plan to build the new city?
  A. To set an example of using clean energy.
  B. To provide energy for the rest of China.
  C. To leam how to use new energy forms.
  D. To gain experience in city design.
  【精奇成考名师解析】A。从文章最后一段的最后一句可知,此城市要用风,太阳能,废弃物来发电,所以属于清洁能源。故选A.
  43. What does the author try to tell the readers about?
  A. Problems in big cities of the world.
  B. The rising energy costs in cities.
  C. Different ways of going green.
  D. Energy problems in the world.
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。比较四个选项我们很容易选出A。文章列出了一些节能的例子,需要考试自己总结。
   C
  On my way home from work one day in 1994, I stopped at a supermarket for shopping. I was behind two customers. The person checking out was a young mother with her little girl. As the clerk was scanning (扫描) the things she had chosen, the young lady was carefully counting her money, worried. After the last thing was scanned, the clerk told the young mother the total.
  The young mother’s expression turned to embarrassment (尴尬) as she realized she did not have enough money. She started to see which things to put back, and trying to look sympathetic (同情)-I had been in situations where I did not have enough money plenty of times myself. Finally. the young mother gave something back to the clerk, and asked for new total.
  At that moment, the woman in front of me asked the clerk to wait a moment. She took out $5 and handed it to the clerk to pay what the young mother was short of. When the clerk tried to give the woman the fifty cents change, she pointed to the little girl and told the clerk to give it to her. The little girl smiled and ran to one of the machines to spend the money. Naturally, the young mother was thankful and said so. The woman smiled and told her she was welcome.
  I will never forget the look on that little girl’s face-not when she was given the money. But when she realized that a perfect stranger cared enough to help them. From the way she looked at the woman. you could tell that she learned something valuable that day; Some people do care.
  That woman taught me several things with that one little deed. There are many situations in which we can help other people. It doesn’t take much money. A few dollars to someone like me was something quite different to that mother.
  44.Why was the young mother carefully counting her money?
  A. To know how much would be left after payment.
  B. She got ready to pay for what she had taken.
  C. She was afraid that she didn’t have enough.
  D. To see if she could buy more things.
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。从第二段的第一句话,我们知道,她认真的数钱,是因为她没有足够的钱。
  45. What did the author try to show to the young mother by smiling to her?
  A. He had seen her before.
  B. He was willing to help her.
  C. He was surprised at her embarrassment.
  D. He understood what happened to her.
  【精奇成考名师解析】D
  46. The woman in front of the author handed five dollars to _____.
  A. the author   B. the mother   C. the clerk   D. the girl
  【精奇成考名师解析】C。从文章第三段的红色部分可知。
  47. What is the text trying to teach us?
  A. Women and children should be helped.
  B. A little care can bring about great happiness.
  C. There are always people who are in trouble.
  D. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
  【精奇成考名师解析】B。从文章最后一段可以知道,作者写这篇文章的目的,他希望大家能够相互帮助,很小的关心可以带来巨大的幸福。
  D
  There’s a time to get angry. and it’s best for your child if you do.Let’s say your child hits a playmate with a toy-hard enough to make the other child cry. How can you teach your child to feel sorry so he or she won’t do it again? Researchers say the best way for parents to react(反应)is to show their anger and to let the child know exactly why they are mad.
  Many parents believe that it is best to control their feelings and to wait until they’re calm before scolding their children. But the mother or father who explains reasonably to a child , “Peter was crying because you hit him,” is not likely to attract much attention. Young children need to be scolded immediately, and strongly, before they’ll take criticism (批评)to heart..
  When your young child does something wrong. scold him or her seriously at once. At the same time be sure to tell the child clearly what he or she has done wrong. An angry reaction without an immediate explanation does little good. Forbidding a child to play outside or not allowing him to watch TV as a punishment works well-but only when taken together with an explanation. Make certain your child understands that although his or her wrongdoing has made you angry, you still love him or her. Use simple, direct words such as, “You hurt Peter. How would you feel if he hit you? You must never, never hurt people.” If your voice expresses strong feeling clearly, your message will carry enough weight.
  48. According to researchers, how should parents react when their child did something wrong?
  A. Ask the child not to do it again any time.
  B. Let the child know what exactly happened.
  C. Teach the child why and how to say sorry to others.
  D. Show the child how angry they are and tell him why.
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。从第一段的红色部分直接可以找出答案。
  点评: 细节题除了第一的之外,其他的段落也在围绕这个中心在写。
  49. What do many parents think they should do with the wrongdoer?
  A. Speak strongly and angrily to him.
  B. Hide their feelings when talking to him.
  C. Explain immediately why he was wrong.
  D. Calm themselves down before scolding him.
  【精奇成考名师解析】D。从第二段的红色部分直接找到答案。
  50. What could be the best title for the text?
  A. Best Ways to Stop Children’s Wrongdoings
  B. Differences among Parents in Dealing with Children
  C. Different ways to Deal with Children’s Wrongdoings
  D. Research on Preventing Children from Hurting Others
  【精奇成考名师解析】A。总结文章大意,比较四个选项,根据第一段很容易选出。
    五.补全对话(共5句:每句满分为3分,共15分。)
  根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在答题卡相应题号后,这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句:打问号的地方,用疑问句。
  提示:Paul在商店购买西装时,营业员推荐了几套深色的,试穿后他决定买下一套深蓝色西服。
  (Shop Girl=S; Paul=P)
  S:Good afternoon, sir. What can I help you?
  P: _51_.
  S: I’m sure we have something for you.
  P: I travel a lot for work, and worry about my suits getting dirty on the road.
  S: That wor’t be a problem. Would you like _52__?
  P: Yeah, the one in dark blue looks nice.
  S: This is a very fine suit. __53_?
  P: Sure.
  [Paul comes out of the dressing room.]
  P: It’s a good fit and it’s very comfortable. __54_?
  S: $198.00.
  P: OK. __55_.
  S: Do you need anything else?
  P: No, thanks.
  51、I’m looking for a suit/I want to buy a suit.
  52、a suit in dark color
  53、Would、Do you like to try it on
  54、How much (is it)
    55、I’ll take (/get/buy) this one (/it)
    参考答案:
  51、I’m looking for a suit/I want to buy a suit.
  52、a suit in dark color
  53、Would、Do you like to try it on
  54、How much (is it)
  55、I’ll take (/get/buy) this one (/it)
  【精奇成考名师点评】这篇补全对话属于中等水平,基本上没有太难的句子,至少可以正确写出3-4句,学习比较好的同学可以得满分。
  六.书面表达(满分30分)
  假设你是李华,Tim是你的笔友,一直希望来中国教英语。得知前进中学需要一位英语老师后,你写信告诉他相关情况,主要为:
  工作:1)时间为一学期       2)教两个班的英语口语,每周10节课       3)负责学校的英语课外活动,每周一次 待遇:每月4000元,另提供往返机票、免费住宿
  注意:词数应为100左右
  生词:activity 活动
  ……………………………………………………
  Dear Tim,
  I’ve got good news for you. Qian jin High School in my city wants an English teacher for the coming term. He’ll teach Spoken English for 2 classes, 10 hours each week. He’ll also be in charge of after-class activities, once a week, for those who are interested in discussions in English. He’ll get 4000 yuan each month. The school will provide a free flat and pay for the plane tickets from his home country to Beijing and back.
  I know you wish to teach English in China. I’m looking forward to your reply.
  All the best,
  Li Hua

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