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2018年成考高起点《英语》介词专项辅导(一)

来源:陕西成人高考网|成人高考报名 【网聚权威资讯 心系考生信仰】 2018-05-30 11:28:37  浏览量:123

They sail with the wind.

  他们顺风航行。(随着)

  With the change of the economic foundation,the superstructure has to be transformed too.

  随着经济基础的改变,上层建筑也必须改变。(随着)

  With the battlle of Waterloo, Napoleon‘s rule in Europe was ended.

  滑铁卢一战,拿破仑对欧洲的统治就完蛋了。

  The modern electron tube.

  随着电子管的发明而诞生了现代电子工业。

  She is with child. = She is in a very interesting condition. = in a family way,= She is pregnant (in pregnancy)。

  她怀孕了。(有)

  但She is with a child.

  意为:“她领着一个孩子。”

  China is a very large country with a long history.

  中国是一个历史悠久的大国。(具有)

  China is a country with a population of ten billion people.

  中国是一个有10 亿人口的国家。(具有)

How is it with you?

  你怎么啦?(就,关于)

  Everything was going well with them.

  他们一切都进行得很顺利。(就……)

  It is a very intense flash with a lot of power packed into it.

  由于聚集了大量的能,所以闪光非常强烈。(独立结构)

  注;即分词独立主格结构用with.

  With a new welding technique introduced,the use of stainless steel was no longer limited to making small things.

  由于新的焊接技术的引进,不锈钢的使用就不仅仅局限在微小的物件上了。(独立结构)

  With all its beams advancing in step with each other the laser possessed very particular properties which no

  ordinary light ever has.

  由于激光的光束同步,所以它具有普通光所没有的特殊性质。(独立结构)

  Without the temperature or pressure changed matter can never change from one state into another.

  没有温度或压力的变化,物质永远不能以一种状态变到另一种状态。(独立结构)

  The evil landlord was trembling with fear.

  那个万恶的地主吓得浑身发抖。(原因)

My wife's hands were rough with work.

  我爱人因为老干活,手很租糙。(原因)。

  With the help of my classmate's taperecorder I listen to the Voice of America and B.B.C every day.

  借助于我同学的录音机,我每天收听美国之音和B.B.C.(原因)

  With televition,we can see all kinds of programmes on the screen sitting at home without going to the movies

  and theatres.

  因为有了电视,我们坐在家里就能看到各种节目,而不必去影院、戏院了。(原因)

  就……来说宾译主,对、有、方状、表细分

  这里的with 后边的宾语常译成主语。

  例:How are the things with you?

  你情况怎样?

  What's wrong with your eyes?

  你的眼睛怎么啦?

  Something is wrong with my hands.

  我手出点毛病。

  Everything was going well with them.

  他们一切都进行得很顺利。

  Parents must be strict with their children.

  父母对子女要严格。(对)

  The doctor was very patient with his patients.

  那位医生对患者非常耐心。(对)

 I'm quite satisfied with your answer.

  我对你的回答很满意。(对)

  Many intellectuals with revolutionary tendencies went to the liberated areas.

  许多带有革命倾向的知识分子都投奔解放区了。(有)

  These apartment houses are for workers with families.

  这些住宅楼是给有家属的工人盖的。

  He was sitting in a chair with his hands folded.

  他两手交叉在胸前坐在椅子上。(状语)独立结构

  They are highly mechanized farms,with machinery to do all the work.

  它们是高度机械化的农场,所有工作都由机器进行。(状语)独立结构

  I will be with you again in half an hour.

  过半个钟头我还会跟你们在一起的。

  (with 的介词短语作表语。另注意in 将来时态in 以后)

  Our sympathies were with the students persecuted by the gang of four during the cultural revolution.

  我们是非常同情“文革”中被“四人帮”迫害的青年学生的。(with 的介词短语作表语)。

  海、陆、空、车、偶、被by,单数人类known to man

  例: by land (air, sea, water, bus)

  陆路(航空,水陆,水路,乘公共汽车)

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